Deep ‘fen peat’ floodplain soil at Flixton, Scarborough, UK.
An archaeological dig reveals the black lowland peat soil, formed by a palaeo-lake 12,000 years ago. The pale grey layer at the base of the profile is a lake bed marl from Lake Flixton, home of the famous Mesolithic site of Star Carr (www.starcarr.com). Modern land drainage has caused the peat to shrink and the land level drops. A farm wetland restoration initiative has made progress trying to re-wet parts of the floodplain for heritage and wetland wildlife, which helps protect the carbon locked up in these soils.(www.carrswetland.wordpress.com)